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Two testaments over life

Hell: Is it possible to simultaneously touch on four major themes, such as sin and evil, the desire for knowledge and conquest, relationships and competition, or the fear of death itself? Let me try in this essay – about Thomas Hylland Eriksen and Dante.
THE APPENDIX:

The periphery is being urbanised

The articles in this appendix of ORIENTERING shows which problems are linked to cities and poverty, pandemic, war, conflict, energy, food, flight, floods and fear.
WAR:

Presented as solidarity actions

In the ongoing conflict between Russia and the West in Ukraine, social democrats, social liberals and green politicians have been among the most ardent supporters of war and confrontational politics. And when "solidarity" becomes a tool for warmongers, the political right can become a strategic ally.
LOAN:

Your mortgage

Do you know how much more expensive your mortgage has become since the first rate hike?
Nature: What about the world's last five megaforests and the people who live in them? The intact forest landscapes are of inestimable importance for the climate.
Biography: "He who is not mad in his own way must participate in the collective madness." This is one of Georg Johannesen's (1931–2005) most apt self-characteristics, writes Alfred Fidjestøl in a new biography of the poet, politician and professor of rhetoric.
The IS brides: Both victims of and renegade supporters of the terrorist organization IS claim that this "state" will rise again, and journalists and experts support the claim. But how many victims' stories are needed before IS loses its appeal to individuals? What about Aisha Shezadi Kausar?
Dante: Kristin Flood's Inferno is a truly creative addition to the Dante literature in Norwegian.
Fascism: In his extensive studies, Hee Pedersen has mapped the political currents of the right wing with a focus on ethnicity and brought them into a historical context
ROM Alongside our large-scale visual culture, Iris Maria Tusa has a rare photography book about Roma people – here we see how childhood shapes us, and later we shape our image of childhood.
SYRIA: Carsten Wieland uncovers a large number of mistakes in the Western donor countries' handling of the humanitarian crisis during the Syrian civil war. He also mentions how rebel forces have deliberately starved local people to attract aid: Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Rwanda.
ECOLOGY: In the future, plastics will be the largest driver for continued oil demand – with almost half of global oil demand by 2050.
FALCON: A few days after Italy marked the 30th anniversary of the massacres of Judge Giovanni Falcone and his entourage and Assistant Judge Paolo Borsellino, Italian author Roberto Saviano presents a novel about the case.
ECOLOGY: With the planet as an anchor point, various themes are highlighted here – growth and non-growth, the anthropocene and our understanding of nature, tipping points, disasters and possible futures, geoengineering, fabulous animals and biopolitics.
ECOLOGY: In the future, plastics will be the largest driver for continued oil demand – with almost half of global oil demand by 2050.
ECOLOGY: Marit Bendz has met gardeners, agronomists, farmers and enthusiasts who in various ways run an agriculture contrary to government recommendations.
CARE: If you think reading 1800th-century British novels has little to do with the current political situation, you are wrong. Talia Schaffer shows how our thinking about care, help and health work already existed in the middle of the Victorian era.
ECOLOGY: Despite this book's general critique of anthropocentrism, one could go even further in practicing an ecocentric ethic.
SPIN DICTATOR: After dictators left their mark on the 20th century with indescribable crimes, it can be difficult to understand how the authoritarian forms of government have made an apparent return in our time.
PRE-FASCISM: Timothy Snyder's little textbook on tyranny – written for society "between Hitler and Stalin" – lies between patriotic obedience and political disobedience. The book is still current.
UKRAINE: What is the influence of the philosopher Ivan Ilyin on Putin's politics? Today, information warfare is at least as important as military warfare.
MESSIAN THOUGHT OF VIOLENCE: From Jewish identity in New York to messianic racism in the West Bank: The controversial rabbi Meir Kahane, whose thoughts live on with certain radical settlers in the West Bank, is the subject of a new and thorough biography.
ECO VILLAGE: Communal house, own organic farming, a professionally run livestock farm, various network models in permaculture and economics.
ECOLOGY:With technological measures in all directions, researchers are faced with sky-high challenges. One of them is human ignorance linked to indifference.
THE DISCLOSURES: For 20 years, US authorities lied about the war in Afghanistan.
ECOLOGY: We need such voices as Holly Jean Buck, who criticizes wishful thinking – precisely to help bring forward a hopeful, serious and long-lasting climate fight, beyond all easy optimism.
COVID19: SARS in 2003, bird flu in 2005, MERS in 2012, Ebola in 2014, combined with the financial crisis, massive refugee flows, and revolutions in the Middle East and Greta Thunberg's shrill doomsday voice, had largely immunized the population against something as abstract as Covid19.
WORK: Precarious working life is perhaps alluring with its freedom and flexibility. But with the precarious also comes the uncontrollable, the unpredictability and the lack of rights. Precarious work has become widespread in a subject such as journalism. Nevertheless, I am still tempted by the flexible tasks, by the sense of variability, freedom almost.

The war – and most people

In this summer issue, as MODERN TIMES's editor, I publish a selection of articles that probably reflect different opinions than most people have about the war in Ukraine.
URBANIZATION:

Is there a future for poor people in the city?

Moving from the countryside to the city has lifted many people out of poverty, particularly in developing countries. The city provides better access to work, services and freedom from inhibiting social norms. At the same time, life for the city's poor can be difficult.
POVERTY:

The consequences of urbanization for aid practice

Over a billion people, 24 percent of the world's urban population, are today considered slum dwellers. And most refugees do not end up in overcrowded camps in Europe, but as displaced migrants in medium-sized and small cities in Asia and Africa. Aid today has a reluctance to get involved in urban areas and urbanization issues.
NO PLATFORMING:

Alice Walker, Anti-Semitism and the Price of Conscience

Under the heat of the Israel lobby, The Bay Area Book Festival humiliated one of the most gifted and courageous writers in the United States, Alice Walker. Do you remember her writing The Color Purple, for which she received the prestigious Pulitzer Prize?

IKEA, Bratteli, Jewish property…

In the archives of the Swedish security police there is a secret folder from 1943 marked «Memorandum regarding: Nazi». In 1994, this file was opened by journalists in the newspaper ...

Shireen Abu Akleh: "Now is the time for your tears" 

You might know Bob Dylan's The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll? About the black maid who was killed by the rich man's son Zanzinger? For every injustice, ...
FALSE:

The gold from the victims of the Holocaust

"Neutral" countries such as Sweden and Switzerland boasted of huge stolen gold revenues used by Hitler's Germany during World War II. The gold financed, among other things, the concentration camps' factories.
PHOTO:

An Italian photo cavalcade


Bruce Weber: The Treasure of his Youth: the photographs of Paolo di Paolo
It would be almost fifty years before Paolo di Paolo's daughter found the pictures his father had taken, and confronted him with his hitherto unknown past as a (Italian) celebrity photographer.
TECHNOLOGY:

ASIA: "We are the ones who are far away, while they are in the center"

According to Kevin Kelly, technology writer, photographer and publicist, the best thing you can do sometimes is slow down technology.
DISPLAY:

Dialogue between sculpture and photography

Peter Lindbergh's photographs of Alberto Giacometti's small, secret sculptures – put together in an exhibition: Showing intimacy is a challenge. You come as a visitor, an intruder…
VENICE:

Why there is something and not just nothing

This year's Art Biennale in Venice feels like the end of a human-centered era, a time where man with his invulnerability, self-sufficiency, the white man as the center of the world is under attack. Now it is the woman's turn to ask the big questions, about the sanctity of life, about connectedness, about man and technology, about what comes after "man".
OSLO:

Sustainability is no longer sustainable

A study of the conservation potential of Oslo's non-protected buildings shows that 13 million tonnes of CO2 is tied up in Oslo's non-protected buildings. What about pragmatic protection, where, for example, a farm owner must be able to prove that the demolition of such existing buildings is the right decision – also from a climate perspective?
OSLO PIX:

The political satire


Ruben Östlund: Triangle of Sadness
With Palme d'Or winner Triangle of Sadness, Swedish Ruben Östlund is even more bitingly satirical – and more directly political – than before.

MODERN TIMES: The ecocentric human being

NATO:

New base in northern Norway directs US warplanes and nuclear submarines

Norway has received a new NATO base paid for by the US Navy. This time it is Bratland, Lurøy on the Helgeland coast, which is being built in NATO's service.
WAR:

The rawness of silence

The barbarism of the West came from the "free world" itself. Because it was silent