Da Crush Nazism, Bjørn Mellbye Gullicen's memorial of the communist resistance movement Osvald Group, was presented at the Railway Square in Oslo last year, the real estate magnate and sculpture park founder Christian Ringnes reacted with resentment. Gulliksen's sculpture, which consists of a steel hammer that smashes a hook cross on a stone base, according to Ringnes at home in the 1960 century's Soviet Union: "It is a super brutal and old-fashioned sculpture," he told Aftenposten.
Ringnes' use of the term "brutalist" is typical. Brutalism was originally the term for an architectural style that had its heyday between 1955 and 1980, and which is characterized by the use of prefabricated concrete modules and untreated surfaces. The name comes from the French béton brut, which simply means raw concrete. But since the late 1970s, brutalism has become an insult that implies coldness, inhumanity and impenetrable bureaucracy. State power over the individual,. . .