One of the most important long-standing activist battles in Western Europe over the past ten years has been the fight against the construction of an airport outside the city of Nantes, located at the mouth of the Loire River in western France. The 580 million euro expensive construction was approved in 2008 and it should have started in 2014 and finished in 2017.
But the plan has from the beginning been rejected by local farmers and activists who have fortified themselves on the 1650-hectare area. In 2012, 2000 police officers tried unsuccessfully to clear the area. In the period from 2008 onwards, the area developed into an experimental eco-anarchist utopia. This is called the ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes (ZAD means «defense area»), where all sorts of different locals and travelers have tried to develop alternative ways of living beyond the money economy. . .
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