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Eric Berg

Erik Berg worked in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs / NORAD from 1978 to 2013. He now heads Habitat Norway.

The periphery is being urbanised

The attachment: The articles in this appendix of ORIENTERING shows which problems are linked to cities and poverty, pandemic, war, conflict, energy, food, flight, floods and fear.

Urban warfare and lack of social stability

Conflict: The fact that unemployed urban youth go into drug dealing, street gangs, militias and sectarian political organizations is not surprising. Yet something else may be more important than crime prevention and counter-terrorism.

Planetary urbanization

Globalization: Wilderness disappears; continents become more closely linked; the distinction between town and country becomes more blurred; and urban inequality is increasing.

The planet is urbanized

City and country:The number of countries with more than 90 percent of the population in urban areas has doubled from 16 to 32 since 1975. Today, urbanization is no longer limited to cities.

Five urbanists – urban developers

Urbanism: MODERN TIMES has asked five urbanists – all known to Norwegian urban developers – about some of the main themes in this supplement: global urbanization and the feminization of poverty, driving forces and counter-forces, new technology, and organization in the fight for a safer and more secure society.

Mungiki – religious sect or street gang?

Kenya: Mungiki promotes African traditions and rejects colonial influences. Circumcision is mandatory for female members.

The burden of the poor

Kibera: Why is the misery of the slums increasing in countries that have had significant economic and social growth over time? Today, 75 percent of the world's population lives without a secure right to their home or the land they cultivate.

China's urban development

CITY PLANNING: The eco-city is part of the innovation in China. From block, super block to mega block and eco block? Here we get an analysis of the years after Deng Xiaoping's "reform and openness policy".

Ordinary diplomacy serves the state, urban diplomacy the people

CITIES:America's new leaders have noted China's use of cities in its diplomacy. Is urban policy emerging as the new foreign policy?