It is rare that professional literature on the former French colonies is published in Africa in English. With the exception of one of the editors for Democratic Struggle who are americans, all of the writers are africans from Sahel, the region they write about. All have doctoral degrees and are either professors, political advisers or civil society leaders. The six Sahel countries: Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso,, Niger and Chad, each devoted a chapter while the editors set theoretical frameworks and compare.
It is refreshing to have a book about French-speaking Africa that does not allow French researchers to become the most central or allow France to be the references it's all about. This is about the internal political dynamics since the beginning of democratization in the Sahel in the early 1990s.
When the Berlin Wall fell (1989) and Francis Fukuyama proclaimed "the end of history" (1992) and claimed that liberal democracy was the world's only remaining ideological government, the democratization processes in Africa also began.
All the Sahel countries went from being military one-party states to becoming formal democracies. . .