Order the summer edition here

The reputation of the "Peace Nation"

avatar photos
Alexander Harang
Harang is the editor of "Fredsnasjonen", the magazine MODERN TIMES published in the summer of 2021.
PEACE INDEX: / Norway has now ended up in 17th place due to arms exports.

(THIS ARTICLE IS MACHINE TRANSLATED by Google from Norwegian)

Since Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik declared Norway a nation of peace in 2005, our international position as a nation of peace and humanitarian power has fallen considerably. The global peace index has long placed Norway among the most peaceful countries in the world. But in 2020 we ended up in 17th place. The peace index for 2020 provides the following main explanation for Norway's fall:

«The Global Peace Index states that Norway, a country better known for its support of global humanitarian and peacebuilding efforts, has had an increase in its militarization score, driven by exports of air defense systems, ships and advanced weaponry. As a result the country had a lower score than expected. »

On average from 2008 to 2020, Norway ends up in twentieth place in this global peace ranking. From the outside, there are obviously tensions between Norway as an arms exporter and a "peace nation".

Norwegian arms exports

For those who have followed Norwegian arms exports in recent decades, the conclusion of the Global Peace Index should not be surprising. The Norwegian arms industry went into full export mode when the internationalization of the defense market gained momentum in the 1990s.

Today, more than 75 per cent of the Norwegian arms industry's earnings come from foreign countries
customers.

For over 40 years, the Norwegian arms industry had been geared towards the needs of the Norwegian Armed Forces, knowing that this market had little room for growth. When Norway then took part in the globalization of the munitions market, the growth of the "peace nation" arms industry accelerated in earnest. The growth of the arms industry has been very strong over the last 20 years and is mainly due to exports. Export growth has also made it possible to invest in modern production and test facilities, so that Norwegian munitions can now assert themselves in the high-tech munitions market internationally. More than 75 per cent of the Norwegian arms industry's earnings today therefore come from foreign customers.

In 2019, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs granted 1203 licenses for the export of munitions from the Norwegian arms industry. The Norwegian arms industry's products are now exported to about 70 states – in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America, Europe, North America and Australia. Last year, as many as 106 Norwegian companies reported such exports.

The two military-industrial engines in Norway are still Kongsberg Gruppen and Nammo at Raufoss. But their subcontractors have become many, and new munitions manufacturers have been established in southern and western Norway, in central Norway and northern Norway. In addition, the Norwegian arms industry has established operations in many other countries. One third of those currently employed by the Norwegian arms industry work abroad.

Although the majority of arms exports still go to the Nordic countries and our NATO allies, a world market has been opened up for Norwegian munitions exports. New markets in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa have been made available to the Norwegian arms industry, at a time marked by mutual armaments and growing conflict in these areas. Now in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic, the arms industry is being driven out into the world with the government's new strategy – without the strategy receiving significant media attention or public political debate.

- self-advertisement -

Recent Comments:

Siste artikler

Iconic paintings and photographs

Role models: In public Latin America, independence heroes Bolívar and San Martin or Che Guevara and Evita are either idolized or satanized through paintings and photographs. This book takes a closer look at why.

Permanent state of emergency

ESSAY: The power goes out, exchange rates fluctuate, bread prices explode, fuel disappears. There are also still traces of the explosion. Yet Beirut's hard-pressed citizens time and again manage to find a foothold in chaos. And the chaos is contributing to Beirut never becoming a clean-up city.

Muslim elites, exercise of power and terror

AFRICA: What can a book say about Boko Haram or the porous border between today's Cameroon and today's Chad? Or about the pre-colonial kingdom of Kanem-Bornu?

The limits of our way of life

FUTURE: Environmental disasters, global warming, crisis of civilization and planetary apocalypse have given rise to ideas about the doom of the earth and the end of time. Through a radical anthropology, a couple of authors make an attempt to restore our faith in the world.

Agamben: A burning house

PHILOSOPHY: Italian Giorgio Agamben describes and envisions different courses for our thinking than today's more technologically nihilistic will-driven production paradigm. Two books delve into other possibilities than the 'fire' he believes we find ourselves in. In this essay, Astrid Nordang tries to bring out some of this complicated material.

A good life without more and more of everything

GREEN GROWTH: MODERN TIMES has chosen to print an extract from the book Grønt manifesto by our regular critic. "Quality of life rather than forced growth": Three small but powerful words, which provide a key to changing the direction of social development, where our eternal pursuit of 'the most possible' is rather adjusted to the appreciation of 'adequate'.

End Times Thoughts

PHILOSOPHY: While postmodernism involved an explosion, today's posthumous condition, according to Marina Garcés, involves a liquidation of all possibilities – an implosion. Yes, are the hopes we cling to today just market-adapted needs for hope?

Camille, Hannah, Lisa, Pauline and Flora

WOMEN: Art done by men is simply given more attention: in collections, in exhibition programs, in art literature, in the art market. But what about the large number of female artists over the past 500 years?

I was completely out of the world

Essay: The author Hanne Ramsdal tells here what it means to be put out of action – and come back again. A concussion leads, among other things, to the brain not being able to dampen impressions and emotions.

Silently disciplining research

PRIORITIES: Many who question the legitimacy of the US wars seem to be pressured by research and media institutions. An example here is the Institute for Peace Research (PRIO), which has had researchers who have historically been critical of any war of aggression – who have hardly belonged to the close friends of nuclear weapons.

Is Spain a terrorist state?

SPAIN: The country receives sharp international criticism for the police and the Civil Guard's extensive use of torture, which is never prosecuted. Regime rebels are imprisoned for trifles. European accusations and objections are ignored.

Is there any reason to rejoice over the coronary vaccine?

COVID-19: There is no real skepticism from the public sector about the coronary vaccine – vaccination is recommended, and the people are positive about the vaccine. But is the embrace of the vaccine based on an informed decision or a blind hope for a normal everyday life?

The military commanders wanted to annihilate the Soviet Union and China, but Kennedy stood in the way

Military: We focus on American Strategic Military Thinking (SAC) from 1950 to the present. Will the economic war be supplemented by a biological war?

homesickness

Bjørnboe: In this essay, Jens Bjørneboe's eldest daughter reflects on a lesser – known psychological side of her father.

Arrested and put on smooth cell for Y block

Y-Block: Five protesters were led away yesterday, including Ellen de Vibe, former director of the Oslo Planning and Building Agency. At the same time, the Y interior ended up in containers.

A forgiven, refined and anointed basket boy

Pliers: The financial industry takes control of the Norwegian public.

Michael Moore's new film: Critical to alternative energy

EnvironmentFor many, green energy solutions are just a new way to make money, says director Jeff Gibbs.

The pandemic will create a new world order

Mike Davis: According to activist and historian Mike Davis, wild reservoirs, like bats, contain up to 400 types of coronavirus that are just waiting to spread to other animals and humans.

The shaman and the Norwegian engineer

cohesion: The expectation of a paradise free of modern progress became the opposite, but most of all, Newtopia is about two very different men who support and help each other when life is at its most brutal.

Skinless exposure

Anorexia: shameless uses Lene Marie Fossen's own tortured body as a canvas for grief, pain and longing in her series of self portraits – relevant both in the documentary self Portrait and in the exhibition Gatekeeper.