In short, neuroscience is the study of the relationship between brain function and human behavior. Neuroscience affects such diverse fields as psychology, medicine, economics, pedagogy and anthropology to name a few. This tradition has been on the sails at least since the turn of the millennium, and one could say that it has taken over the leadership jersey from molecular genetics in the race for the most attention, money, influence and reputation in the natural sciences world.
Today, the interest in neuroscience is mainly instrumental. One asks: How can we use this knowledge? Yet it is a philosophical, non-instrumental question that lies at the heart of tradition.
Since the establishment of the 1960 century, the stated and deepest goal of neuroscience has been to understand or explain consciousness from a natural science, that is, molecular biological, reductionist point of view. A "scientific" understanding of consciousness is, so to speak, the sacred grail of neuroscience.
Christof Koch's book The Feeling of Life Itself addresses precisely the deepest goals of neuroscience and treats it in much the way one expects it from one of the field's key players: to precision. The following account of the research that will shed light on the point of departure is brushed off. . .