Since the British mathematician Alan Turing in the beginning of the 1950s tried to set principles for when a machine could be said to exhibit intelligence in line with that of a human, the so-called Turing test has acted as a veritable dynamo for sci-fispeculation about the phenomenon of "artificial intelligence". The Turing test is in its simplicity that a person in remote communication must be able to assess whether one is talking to a person or with so-called artificial intelligence. Of course, Ridley Scott's cult saga about Blade Runner, which recently added a new film history chapter, is the classic popular-cultural processing of the question of whether machines can think. But also whether machines can actually set the parameters for what we humans call "intelligence". For what is intelligence really for a size? And it makes more sense at all – decades after the first intelligent computers crept past the Turing parameters, and where several great masters, not only in chess, but also in the ancient Chinese game go, have long had to submit their titles to Google's self-learning algorithms – to distinguish between "real" and "artificial" intelligence?
The Blue Brain Project
If you are interested in such issues on a more philosophical level, you may well start with the French philosopher Catherine Malabou, who is current with the book Metamorphoses de l'intelligence: Que faire de leur cerveau bleu. As the title suggests, the book is based on a large interdisciplinary research project called "The Blue Brain Project", which is based in Lausanne, Switzerland. The project aims to use new so-called quantum computers – computers that work with quantum theoretical probability values, so-called qubits (instead of the binary system with the classical bits) – to try to simulate the human brain and its more than 100 trillion brain cells' hectic activity.
Does it make any difference whatsoever to distinguish between 'real' and 'artificial' intelligence?
Malabou also has in his earlier works, which What to do with our net? from 2004 (translated into Norwegian in 2017 as «What are we going to do with our brain?»), employed. . .
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