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The masses and the people

PSYCHOLOGY / Is it possible to understand why the majority choose a leader or a slave-like existence?

Is the "mass" a potential "mob empire"? Several new books try to get closer to what the ignorant, primitive or furious masses can mean, such as titles such as The Madness of Crowds   (mention here) and others suggest. Is there anything more psychological to learn about the people, the majority or the herd?

Eirik Høyer Leivestad's new book Fear and loathing in democracy (Vagant) runs over the centuries where he draws with thinkers mass idéHistory: Plato concluded in horror that the majority was too receptive to the seduction of the demagogues. Alexis de Tocqueville mentions in 1835 a "quenched thirst for equality […] that makes man prefer equality in slavery to inequality in freedom." Despite the intelligence of the masses, Karl Marx manifested in revolutionary struggle – also according to Leivestad "a stupidity of the masses manifested in conservative reflexes".

And Baruch spinoza marveled at "what could lead the masses to embrace undisguised tyranny," something Leivestad constantly repeats in the book. In XNUMX, Spinoza referred to the "passive affects" of the masses as fear, hatred, anxiety, and vengeance. And Stendhal wrote in XNUMX: "I can not stand the mob, but under the name peopleI'm passionate about fighting for their happiness. "

Today it is probably more "the people" who. . .

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Truls Liehttp: /www.moderntimes.review/truls-lie
Editor-in-chief in MODERN TIMES. See previous articles by Lie i Le Monde diplomatique (2003–2013) and Morgenbladet (1993-2003) See also part video work by Lie here.
THE APPENDIX:

The periphery is being urbanised

The articles in this appendix of ORIENTERING shows which problems are linked to cities and poverty, pandemic, war, conflict, energy, food, flight, floods and fear.
HELL:

Two testaments over life

Is it possible to simultaneously touch on four major themes, such as sin and evil, the desire for knowledge and conquest, relationships and competition, or the fear of death itself? Let me try in this essay – about Thomas Hylland Eriksen and Dante.

The war – and most people

In this summer issue, as MODERN TIMES's editor, I publish a selection of articles that probably reflect different opinions than most people have about the war in Ukraine.