Traditionally, women have primarily been seen as victims and victims of war and terror. But in recent decades, women have been given an increasingly prominent role – not only in conventional military groups, but also in militant rebel movements and terrorist groups.
I recently attended a number of meetings and seminars in New York in connection with high-level meetings and the UN General Assembly. The gender dimension in preventing violent extremism was one of the themes of Prime Minister Erna Solberg's priority, and a European women's network was launched, among other things, to ensure that there is more focus on the role of women in getting individuals in and out of extreme groups.
One of the reasons why we are now gaining a gender focus in anti-terrorism work is the increasing number of women from European countries who have traveled to join the IS (Islamic State). The fact that IS has managed to make itself relevant to women is one of their success factors. In order for us to be able to prevent more women from joining IS, we need to know more.
Creates legitimacy. Figures from The International Center for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT) show that about 10 percent of those who have traveled from Europe to join IS are women. The proportion for France, Great Britain and Germany is even higher, and we also have several cases of Norwegian women who. . .
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