There are many reasons for stagnation and decay in the Middle East and Arab-Muslim North Africa. It is a problematic history of colonial times and foreign powers in the driver's seat. First it was the Ottoman Empire, then France and the United Kingdom, and in the post-1945 era, the United States has demanded some dominant influence over its dependence on the large oil reserves in Arab countries.
In the long period of independence after 1950, no Arab country has been able to establish a stable government that over time has provided growth, prosperity and more open and democratic societies.
The US and the alliance of willing in 2003 severely weakened regional stability in the attack on Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein's regime. The bombing of the Western powers by Libya – in which Norway was a part – contributed to a deterioration in the Libyan community, which is now characterized by violence and anarchy. The Arab Spring, which so many believed, ended in political tragedies with the war in Syria being the greatest of all.
No liberalization. All this from both a distant and near past today creates stagnation, decay and destruction in it. . .
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