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Divorce has become a challenge in Iran

There is a big gap between the government's policy and the people's lifestyle in Iran when it comes to cohabitation constellations. The culture is changing, the divorces are increasing.




(THIS ARTICLE IS MACHINE TRANSLATED by Google from Norwegian)

Of: Najmeh Mohammadkhani Divorce is not a culturally or socially accepted phenomenon in Iran, but the prevalence has changed people's attitudes to the extent that the "divorce ceremony" has become normal in some parts of the country. Every hour, there are 18 cases of divorce in Iran, and compared with 2013, the increase is 8,2 percent. One in five marriages ends in divorce. The average age of those who differ is 25 years – 28 years for men and 23 years for women. Last year, the Justice Minister reported that 14 million cases of divorce were pending before Iranian courts.

Iranian society is undergoing cultural change. Norms and values ​​are changed by communication technology, globalization and mobility.

On the basis of section 1133 of the Iranian law, divorce is based on the husband's wishes. The wife may demand divorce in some situations, such as that the husband does not provide entertainment allowance (clause 1129), that cohabitation ends in suffering and overload (clause 1130), and that the husband is absent for four full years (clause 1029). For other reasons, the court decides, and the woman must provide credible reasons. In the event of a united divorce, the court will investigate the case, but following a simpler procedure. Based on statistics from July 2014, 75 percent of those seeking divorce were women, and 25 percent were unified. Since divorce depends on what the man wants, many Iranian women have begun to include the right to divorce in the marriage contract. Siavash is a 37 year old, divorced electrical engineer. He says: “After five years of living together, we felt we had nothing more to talk about. We got divorced. We both believe we have the right to make new experiences. " Desire for population growth. Since the presidency of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian government is extremely concerned about population development policies. The government is making plans for a baby boom by banning sterilization, increasing marriage rates by recommending temporary marriages,1give loans to young people of married age and encourage the people to give birth to more children through television shows and advertising campaigns in the cities. In November 2014, the Secretary of Social Affairs at the Office of the Chief Executive, Ayatollah Golpayghani, condemned the growing amount of cohabitation in Iran, claiming that they needed to prevent such a social phenomenon in the Islamic country and instead encourage young people to marry themselves. In spite of these efforts, the number of divorces is increasing, as well as cohabitation, which is an illegal and unacceptable phenomenon under both Sharia (Islamic law), customs and customs, is spreading widely. The government is trying to deal with this problem by calling for interim marriages to Islamize the relationship between the sexes, but many believe that this policy is an abuse of religion. Temporary marriages open up basic questions about the obligations between couples because of the short duration, and because pleasure and fun are the essence of this type of marriage. The practice has aroused strong discussions among culture watchers and most people in Iran. Amir, 29, who lives with her partner, says: “If I want to live with someone, it doesn't necessarily mean I want to sign a marriage contract. I see no point in it. A signature doesn't necessarily mean that you go into it completely. " It is obvious that there is a big gap between government policy and people's demands and lifestyles. On the one hand, the government is trying to monitor the relationship between boys and girls with the help of the moral police, on the other hand, prefer cohabitation rather than marriage and temporary marriage because of changes in their lifestyle. Many believe that high divorce rates are not necessarily the result of government policy. Iranian society is undergoing cultural change. Norms and values ​​are changed by communication technology, globalization and mobility. Many believe that Iranian culture has become more Westernized, and the Western patterns are different from traditional Iranian culture. Economic challenges such as inflation, unmanageable cost of living, proliferation of and increased participation in social networks, greater participation of women in social life, growing expectations, shift from patriarchy to matriarchy, lack of sexual satisfaction among couples, infidelity – all of which are the main causes of divorce Iran. Zahra, 53, who has a daughter who has been through a united divorce, says: “Since women started working and making money themselves, they want more freedom and want more rights. As a result, they can no longer be submissive. So divorce can be a solution for them. ” The problem of divorce does not end there. The social pressure on people who are divorced is great – especially on women. They encounter many condemnations and different beliefs. Pressure from families is also a challenge for those who are divorced. Divorce also increases the risk of second marriage. Temporary marriage is a type of marriage used by Shias, where the duration of the marriage and the dowry is specified and agreed in advance. This type of marriage is not allowed in Sunni Islam.

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