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Europe

The aesthetic manifestations of fascism

Julia Adeney Thomas and Geoff Eley: Visualizing Fascism. The Twentieth-Century Rise of the Global Right

FASCISM: This does not necessarily manifest itself through mass spectacles and revolutionary fractures, and it is not a primarily European phenomenon. But like a product of political crises in the modern capitalist states.

She could be Italy's next prime minister

Giorgia Meloni: Io are Giorgia

ITALY: "I'm a woman, I'm a Christian, I'm a mother, I'm Italian, I'm on the right, I'm Giorgia." A book devoid of political analysis?

A pan-European political movement

DEMOCRACY: According to Yanis Varoufakis, his DiEM25 was the first to present a green new agreement – one that was comprehensive, radical and realistic at the same time.

The Future of Europe

EUROPE: MODERN TIMES recently visited the European Parliament in Strasbourg, and met one of the founders of the Conference on the Future of Europe – where the following topics have been discussed: democratic values, climate change, social justice and job security, human rights, European defense and digital transformation. This is the basis for ORIENTERING this time, as we on the following pages have asked a number of Norwegian opinion leaders about much of the same. And here with Daniel Freund, who is a member of the party Die Grünen in Germany, we could not help but talk about climate.

Nyosmanism

TURKEY: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is perceived by many as an Ottoman sultan and behaves accordingly. He has become increasingly angry as the West has opposed him.

The continent we are part of

EUROPE: It is not this magazine's intention to dwell on Norway's affiliation with the EU. On the contrary. The exercise is inspired by the ongoing process in all EU countries with conferences and studies on the role and direction of EU co-operation. Is it possible to change the EU?

What should Europe do?

EUROPE: Europe and EU co-operation have developed in step with society's crises and challenges. On that occasion, MODERN TIMES has asked a number of Norwegian opinion leaders questions about the future of Europe. The EU's Green Deal shows leadership on the environment and climate, in addition to digital services. We ask which areas the EU should prioritize, with appropriate political, legal or industrial initiatives and forms of cooperation.

European defense and security policy

EUROPE: How can the EU, or the Council of Europe, play a leading role in power politics, and should the EU strengthen its security and defense policy cooperation? Or now with the Ukraine crisis, for example, to promote a pragmatic multilateralism rather than to hold on to all principles?

Attempts at EU reforms

EUROPE: EU co-operation has developed in step with society's crises and challenges. But is it now high time for further reforms for the future of the EU? And is the right of veto really an obstacle?

EU economic recovery plan

NEXT GENERATION EU: After prolonged covid-19 restrictions, a revitalization of the economy is high on the political agenda. The EU's comeback strategy is an economic recovery plan with 750 billion euros in grants and loan repayments. Are we heading into a federal era? And what lasting ecological measures can be taken in a fast, goal-focused turnaround operation?

The military-industrial complex

MODERN TIMES CONVERSATIONS: From someone who should know the intricacies of foreign policy and geopolitics: Thorbjørn Jagland on military rearmament and enemy images – when it comes to the USA, Russia, China, Turkey, and Libya.

United States of America?

Slavenka Drakulic: Café Europa Revisited

pandemic: How coordinated or in solidarity is Europe really?