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urbanization

The periphery is being urbanised

The attachment: The articles in this appendix of ORIENTERING shows which problems are linked to cities and poverty, pandemic, war, conflict, energy, food, flight, floods and fear.

Planetary urbanization

globalization: Wilderness disappears; continents become more closely linked; the distinction between town and country becomes more blurred; and urban inequality is increasing.

The planet is urbanized

City and country: The number of countries with more than 90 percent of the population in urban areas has doubled from 16 to 32 since 1975. Today, urbanization is no longer limited to cities.

The consequences of urbanization for aid practice

Poverty: Over a billion people, 24 percent of the world's urban population, are today considered slum dwellers. And most refugees do not end up in overcrowded camps in Europe, but as displaced migrants in medium-sized and small cities in Asia and Africa. Aid today has a reluctance to get involved in urban areas and urbanization issues.

China's urban development

Jeffrey Johnson, Cressica Brazier, Tat Lam: China Lab Guide to Megablock Urbanism

TOWN PLANNING: The eco-city is part of the innovation in China. From block, super block to mega block and eco block? Here we get an analysis of the years after Deng Xiaoping's "reform and openness policy".

The earth accounts for the politics of capitalism

Brett Story: The Hottest August

URBANIZATION: The Hottest August holds up a mirror that reveals the underlying anxiety of modern survival strategy.

The big city as exploitation and resistance in the 21st century

Antonio Negri: From the Factory to the Metropolis

: Nostalgic analysis of the big city as subjectification, not politicization, by the Italian political philosopher Antonio Negri.

Positive urbanization

: With green lungs, urban agriculture and respect for nature, the cities of the future will be built.