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The periphery is being urbanised

The attachment: The articles in this appendix of ORIENTERING shows which problems are linked to cities and poverty, pandemic, war, conflict, energy, food, flight, floods and fear.

The problem of social inequality

: Has man in the past really lived with nature in freedom and equality, and then ended up in the shackles of modernity? In this essay, nothing less is tried than adding the first building blocks to a completely new understanding of history. 

To reduce the world history of Gini coefficients

: Another example of history writing.

California Dreaming?

David Vogel: California Greenin '- How Golden State Became and Environmental Leader

: In his new book, Professor David Vogel describes how the state in a number of areas has managed to implement its own regulations to support economic and cultural development and growth.

Life without thinking

Franklin Foer: World Without Mind: The Existential Threat of Big Tech

BIG TECH: Author Franklin Foer gives a historical overview of Big Tech's influence on society and asks how we can combat its pervasive power.

WTO's developmental dilemma

: Norway makes a heroic effort to save the World Trade Organization (WTO). But to what extent does the WTO make itself worthy of a rescue operation?

The power of impotence

Frank Berardi: Futurability. The Age of Impotence and the Horizon of Possibility

: We need a new activism – not through revolutionary changes, but through a systematic effort to develop a humane and free society.

A movie about a presidency

Greg Barker: The Final Year

: Far from the last word is said about the end of the Obama administration. 

Development at a high price

Chris Kelly: A Cambodian Spring

: The government of Cambodia is tightening its grip on power more and more every day. The high-tension situation makes the documentary A Cambodian Spring all the more terrifying.

The middle class without funds

Henning Melber (ed.): The Rise of Africa's Middle Class Myths, Realities and Critical Engagements

: This is a very solid academic work where all the authors are critical – in some cases very critical – of this understanding of the middle class in Africa

Artificial fertilized art

: What emerges or oska of Norway's biggest industrial adventure, ask artists who exhibit in Grenland in May.

Power is shifted in Africa

: While the Arab Spring is marked by stagnation, there is a quiet revolution south of the Sahara.