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The illiteracy of Pakistan

READING AND WRITING DIFFICULTIES: Pakistan needs to prioritize citizens' inadequate literacy skills and should implement a nationwide program that takes into account the country's multicultural and foreign language communities.

good read- and writing skills are important for a wide range of development goals, from political participation to good health. If the mothers have good skills, the infant mortality rate will decrease significantly.

Children from areas where reading and writing skills are low not only do poorly at school and have poor financial prospects, they also have lower life expectancy than peers from areas where the population has good reading and writing skills.

Nevertheless, Pakistan has never given priority to enhancing people's reading and writing skills. As a result, Pakistani literacy rates have varied between 57 percent and 60 percent over the past decade, well below the 67 percent average in South Asia.

In the region has Pakistan the second lowest literacy rate after Afghanistan, and the country ranks 150th out of 188 countries worldwide.


There are also major gender differences: Among Pakistani men, 68 per cent can read and write, for women the corresponding figure is 45 per cent. There is also a big gap between city and country, which has a literacy rate of 74 and 46 percent respectively.

In addition, Pakistan and Afghanistan are the only countries in the region where differences persist in the younger generation, indicating that literacy rates are unlikely to increase in the near future.

It is not so difficult to find the reason: the Government of Pakistan does not invest in reading. . .

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