Like Vetlesen's previous international release The Denial of Nature (2015) puts this book into an unusual philosophical argument in dialogue with contemporary environmental thinkers and environmental philosophyeven classics. Where the previous book ends with the question of nature's soul and self-will, the discussion in Cosmologies of the Anthropocene. The starting point is Freya Mathews # 'ecological revitalization of the concept panpsychism in the book #The Ecological Self# (1991).
Pan-psychism is the view that the psyche or soul is everywhere and in everything. Like Mathews, Vetlesen seeks a spontaneous closeness to the surroundings of people living in pre-modern ways – explored and reported within anthropology and its latest theoretical developments.
Among other things, he goes to Philippe Descola, who discusses the question of various cosmologies, understood as living truth systems. He also draws on psychological and psychoanalytic theories that describe a loss of contact with nature, various forms of culturally learned blindness.
Species, processes and nutrients have value as part of an ecosystem.
Vetlesen's hypothesis is that it is this one alienationone that makes the idea that everything is full of spirit – as both children and animist cultures seem to take for granted – seems foreign to us.
The value of nature is objective
However, Vetlesen's book is far more than a poetic appeal to a sympathetic one. . .