Armen Avanessian's little book is an extremely rich sketch, which tries to say something about both the future of philosophy and the philosophy of the future, but which most of all is a philosophical status report from our own time and the changes we are going through. The conditions of thinking have changed drastically due to biotechnology, IT, new discoveries in science and the form of society we live in.
If philosophy has been in a crisis in the last century, it is because it has continued to understand itself as reflection, Avanessian suggests. The indictment is reminiscent of Marx's famous Feuerbach thesis, which is about changing the world, not just interpreting it. Philosophy must replace the longing for eternal truths and fixed patterns with a reality that is constantly changing, where philosophy and thinking come into play. Such thinking is speculative in the most positive sense of the word.
Avanessian's input into a new metaphysics breaks up old divisions in refreshing ways. The distinction between form and matter cannot be maintained when matter itself is information, as in the DNA of cells, or when the forms of language also have direct material effects, as in the integrated circuits of computers.
As artificial intelligence develops more and more independently, the distinction between subject and object, the tool and its user also collapses.
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