In the wake of the global financial crisis, welfare services and health services in Europe and the United States came under pressure with extensive austerity measures and restructuring, an example of an "obvious global care crisis", writes Emma Dowling.
The UK's challenge is an aging population, and consequently an increasing number of dementia patients in need of care and nursing. Expenditure cuts in the public sector and tight financial management have resulted in a shortage of resources and nursing homes. It affects the health services in general – including mental health services – and provides overworked health personnel, from doctors and nurses to caregivers.
The cuts have also depleted other services society needs, such as daycare, student support, unemployment benefits and disability benefits.
Emma Dowling has been researching how the private sector has invested in – and made money from – healthcare in the UK since the 1970s. According to Dowling, Margaret Thatcher's statement "it is not something called 'society' 'was not about individualism, but rather a call for" private and personal responsibility ". [It was not exactly what Thatcher said, but the press that. . .