The award of the Nobel Peace Prize both to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and to its Director General Mohamed ElBaradei came at a very important time:
The supervisory conference for the Non-Proliferation Treaty in May ended in a complete collapse. The situation was not improved by the lack of results for non-proliferation and disarmament at the UN summit in September. At the permanent Disarmament Conference in Geneva, for nine years in a row, attempts have been made in vain to agree on what to negotiate or talk about.
As stated in the justification given by the chairman of the Nobel Committee, the prize was awarded for the work done to prevent legitimate access to nuclear technology being used for military purposes. The availability of this technology and at the same time the control that it will not be abused for the procurement of nuclear weapons, ie the further proliferation of nuclear weapons, constitute two of the three pillars of the Non-Proliferation Agreement.
The award ceremony has been criticized by some quarters because the IAEA participates in the proliferation of nuclear power and thus can indirectly contribute to proliferation. But the IAEA's role in this context is, as mentioned, one of the Non-Proliferation Treaty. . .
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