[jus] Oil discoveries in Svalbard can cause trouble for Norway. Who really owns the rights to the archipelago and the surrounding waters?
The Norwegian authorities have defined the area that is not privately owned in Svalbard as "the state's land". This formulation is used in the Norwegian translation of the Mining Scheme, an addition to the Svalbard Treaty. In the original French version, these areas are called "Le domaine public". That means public domain. In the English text it is called "the public Lands".
If the French and English versions are used as a basis, the state loses, among other things, the opportunity to go into any project and demand 25 percent. . .
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