Žižek as a Communist
COMMUNISM: On December 7, Slovenian philosopher and cultural critic Slavoj Žižek comes to Bergen to take part in the Holberg debate. During the debate he will explain why he is still a communist. He will also be interviewed by US economist Tyler Cowen.
Why call Žižek Communist? The starting point is that all leftist projects in the 20th century have failed. Keynes and the welfare state are passé, it does not work with a global market. Direct democracy with local government (communitarianism) is also not the way to go. And Fukuyama was wrong: Liberal capitalist democracies are not the end of history. Capitalism no longer needs democracy. Žižek does not believe that capitalism can handle its own contradictions in the long run. Therefore, something must be done. Unless the left turns to action, a new Chinese authoritarian capitalism can become dominant.
Žižek vs. Peterson
In the debate between Peterson and Žižek in Toronto April 19 this year attacked Peterson The Communist Manifesto. He believed that hierarchies and competition were biologically justified. It is not just class struggle that drives history forward, we fight with ourselves and with nature. And nature is absent with Marx, Peterson argued. He can hardly have read Alfred Schmidt's book on the concept of nature at Marx.
Peterson was better at criticizing the dictatorship of the proletariat: How do we know that the proletariat is not corrupted by the sudden access to power? In a magical way, society should become hyper-productive. It will be enough for everyone. Marx's utopia that man should perform according to ability and enjoy as needed appears naïve: "Jeder nach seinen Fähigkeiten, jedem nach seinen Bedürfnissen!" note.]
The worst thing that can happen to us is to get what we long for.
But according to Peterson, man is constructed "for trouble". If all our needs were met, we would go into some form of creative destruction. Marx did not think about how things could go wrong. Capitalism produces inequality, but also wealth. Therefore, it has turned out to be second ...
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